Data deduplication is synonym with “intelligent compression” or “ single-instance storage”. In essence, it is a simple data compression process that eliminates all redundant copies of data and stores a single dataset. Copies of data blocks are replaced with pointers to the unique copy.
The main data deduplication process consist of storing each unique data sequence only once. By discarding duplicate data elements, the deduplication engine sends only the changed data bits to the storage array. This way, the amount of transmitted data is significantly reduced and the speed of data backups increased.